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These articles are protected by copyright: Simon Rademan Fashion Design Studio CC  Media request for an interview   Disclaimer:  I do not proclaim to be an authority on any of the subjects I write about.  I merely share my experiences with those who wish to learn from it, or just read about it.  Please contact us should you have additional information or information that proves otherwise.

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Flowers have meaning ...

All through history, lovers have given flowers to each other as a token of their longing, devotion, and love.  Researching the meanings that people have given to specific flowers, has revealed that many flowers have many meanings.  So, in reality, the meaning of a flower that you give as a gift is dependent on how special a flower is to the recipient, friend, mother, girlfriend, or your spouse ... and whatever you want that flower to represent.  Just be sure that you communicate the correct message to your loved one… J

Read more       The meaning of flowers, herbs       Traditional anniversary flowers       Birthday flowers

“I simply love beautiful things” says Simon Rademan, South African fashion designer and stylist, “…and flowers are a magical gift from God!”     Designing for, and styling a bride is heavenly bliss, but a bride without a bouquet simply looks odd.   More than a 100 years ago, members of a bridal party would walk down the isle with a bunch of herbs and spices (to keep the evil spirits away)!  Today, I am glad to say, it is with flowers, and flowers have a language of their own.  The Victorians made an art of it…

Read more       The meaning of flowers, herbs       Traditional anniversary flowers        Birthday flowers

Victorian women carryied small bouquets, called tussie-mussies, with messages encoded in “the language of the flowers”.  Strands of ivy would signify fidelity and friendship, gardenias conveyed a secret love, forsythia... anticipation.  Shakespeare used them to enhance the story, as in Hamlet, when poor Ophelia laments: “There's rosemary, that's for remembrance; and there is pansies, that's for thoughts.”

Read more       The meaning of flowers, herbs       Traditional anniversary flowers       Birthday flowers

The Meaning of Flowers, herbs

The following dictionary defines flowers according to their traditional meanings. Check here when you wish to send a subtle message through a bouquet - or to decode the spray you've received!   

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z or Traditional anniversary flowers

ACACIA:       Concealed love, chaste love.

AGAPANTHUS:       Love letters, love.

ALIUM:       Strength.

ALSTROMERIA:       Wealth, prosperity, fortune.

AMARYLLIS:       Pride.

AMBROSIA:       Love is reciprocated.

ANEMONE:       Forsaken, expectation.

ANTHURIUM:       Lover.

APPLE BLOSSUMS:       Good fortune.

ARBUTUS:       Thee only do I love.

ASPARAGUS FERN:       Fascination.

ASTER:       Variety, elegance, daintiness.   This purple wildflower was once burned by the ancients because they believed the resulting smoke would drive away evil. It was named for the Latin word for "star." Also known as the birthflower for September.

ASTILBE:       I'll still be waiting.

AZALEA:       Love, romance, first love, fragile passion, temperance. It is also the Chinese symbol of womanhood.

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BABY'S BREATH:       Innocence.

BACHELOR BUTTON:       Single blessedness.

BALSAM:       Ardent love.

BEGONIA:       Beware.

BELLS OF IRELAND:       Good luck.

BIRD OF PARADISE:       Magnificence.

BITTERSWEET:       Truth.

BLUEBELL:       Humility, constancy.

BOUVARDIA:       Enthusiasm.

BROOM:       Humility.

BUTTERCUP:       Childishness.

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CACTUS:       Endurance.

CALENDULA:       Grief, jealousy. Also the birthflower for October.

CALLA LILY:       Magnificent beauty. Associated with the sixth wedding anniversary.

CAMELLIA:       Gratitude.

CAMELLIA, PINK:       Longing for you.

CAMELLIA, RED:       You're a flame in my heart.

CAMELLIA, WHITE:       You're adorable.

CARNATION:       Fascination, distinction, divine love, woman, yes. Also the birthflower for January.

CARNATION, PINK:       A woman's love, I'll never forget you, mother's love.

CARNATION, PURPLE:       Capriciousness.

CARNATION, RED:       Alas for my poor heart, admiration, my heart aches for you, fascination.

CARNATION, STRIPED:       Refusal, No, sorry I can't be with you.

CARNATION, WHITE:       Innocence, faithfulness, sweet and lovely, pure love, ardent love, good luck. These lovely flowers have lasting qualities, and are often handed out on Mother's Day to symbolize the purity and strength of motherhood. They were handed out at the first Mother's Day service in 1908.

CARNATION, YELLOW:       Disdain, rejection, you have disappointed me.

CATTAIL:       Peace, prosperity.

CHRYSANTHEMUM:       Cheerfulness, optimism, rest, truth. Considered to be a noble flower in Asian culture, mums are used as an object of meditation per a suggestion by Confucius. Also the birthflower for November.


CHRYSANTHEMUM, WHITE:       Truth, loyal love.

CHRYSANTHEMUM, YELLOW:       Slighted love.

CLEMATIS:       Clever, intellectual. Associated with the eighth wedding anniversary.

CORNFLOWER:       Delicacy.

COSMOS:       Modesty. Associated with the 2nd wedding anniversary.

CROCUS:       Cheerfulness, abuse not.

CYCLAMEN:       Resignation, good-bye.

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DAFFODIL:       Regard, rebirth, new beginnings, unrequited love, you're the only one, chivalry. Associated with the tenth wedding anniversary. Also the birthflower for March.

DAFFODIL, SINGLE:       Misfortune.

DAFFODIL, SEVERAL:       Joy, happiness.

DAHLIA:       Instability. Associated with the fourteenth wedding anniversary.

DAISY:       Innocence, loyal love, I'll never tell, purity. Associated with the fifth wedding anniversary.

DANDELION:       Faithfulness, happiness, love's oracle.

DAY LILY:       Coquetry, Chinese emblem for mother. Associated with the twentieth wedding anniversary.

DELPHINIUM:       Big-hearted, fun.

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EBONY:       Blackness.

EREMURUS:       Endurance.

EUPHORBIA:       Persistence.

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FERN:       Sincerity, magic, fascination, confidence, shelter.

FIR:       Time.

FLAX:       Domestic symbol.

FLYTRAP:       Deceit.

FORGET-ME-NOT:       True love, hope, remembrance, memories.

FORSYTHIA:       Anticipation.

FOUR-LEAF CLOVER:       Good luck, be mine.

FOXGLOVE:       Insincerity.

FREESIA:       Innocence, thoughtfulness.

FUSCHIA:       Taste. Associated with the third wedding anniversary.

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GARDENIA:       You're lovely, secret love, joy, sweet love, good luck.

GERANIUM:       Stupidity, folly, comfort, gentility. Associated with the fourth wedding anniversary.

GINGER:       Strength.

GLADIOLUS:       Strength of character, remembrance, infatuation, splendid beauty, give me a break, I'm really sincere, flower of the Gladiators, admiration, tells recipients that they pierce the heart like a sword. Because the gladiolus has blade-shaped leaves, the name comes from the Latin word gladius which means sword. Also the birthflower for August.

GLOXINA:       Love at first sight.

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HEATHER, LAVENDER:       Admiration, solitude, beauty.

HEATHER, WHITE:       Protection, wishes will come true.

HIBISCUS:       Delicate beauty.

HOLLY:       Foresight, defense, domestic happiness, enchantment.

HOLLYHOCK:       Ambition, fruitfulness. Associated with the thirteenth wedding anniversary.

HONEYSUCKLE:       Bonds of love.

HUCKLEBERRY:       Simple pleasure.

HYACINTH:       Sport, play, games, rashness, flower dedicated to Apollo.

HYACINTH, BLUE:       Constancy.

HYACINTH, PURPLE:       I am sorry, sorrow, please forgive me.


HYACINTH, WHITE:       Loveliness, I'll pray for you.

HYACINTH, YELLOW:       Jealousy.

HYDRANGEA:       Thank you for understanding, frigidity, heartlessness, heartless.

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IRIS:       Wisdom, Fleur-de-lis, emblem of France, your friendship means so much to me, faith, hope, valor, my compliments.   Associated with the twenty-fifth wedding anniversary.

IRIS, BLUE:       Faith, hope.

IRIS, PURPLE:       Wisdom, compliments.

IRIS, YELLOW:       Passion.

IRIS, WHITE:       Purity.

IVY:       Fidelity, wedded love, friendship, affection, marriage.

IXIA:       Happiness.

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JACK-IN-THE-PULPIT:       Associated with the seventh wedding anniversary.

JASMINE, WHITE or INDIAN:       Amiability , I attach myself to you, sensuality, attachment.

JASMINE, SPANISH:       Sensuality.

JASMINE, YELLOW:       Grace, elegance.

JONQUIL:       Sympathy , love me, affection returned, desire.

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LADY SLIPPER:       Capricious beauty.

LARKSPUR:       Fickleness, ardent attachment, levity, lightness. Also the birthflower for July.

LARKSPUR, PINK:       Fickleness.

LARKSPUR, PURPLE:       First love.

LAVENDER:       Devotion.

LEATHERLEAF FERN:       Fascination.

LILAC:       Youthful, humility, confidence.

LILY:       Majesty, wealth, pride, innocence, purity.

LILY, WHITE:       Purity, modesty, virginity, majesty, it's heavenly to be with you. The white lily is linked to Juno, the queen of the gods in Roman mythology, by the story that while nursing her son Hercules, some excess milk fell from the sky creating the group of stars we call the Milky Way, and lilies were created from what milk fell to the earth. The Easter lily is also known as the symbol of the Virgin Mary.

LILY, ORANGE:       flame, I burn for you.

LILY, YELLOW:       I'm walking on air, false, gay.

LILY OF THE VALLEY:       Return of happiness, purity of heart, sweetness, tears of the Virgin Mary, you've made my life complete, humility, happiness. The legend of the lily of the valley is that it sprang from Eve's tears when she was kicked out of the Garden of Eden. It is also believed that this flower protects gardens from evil spirits. Also known as the flower of May.

LOTUS BLOSSUM:       Estranged love.

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MAGNOLIA:       Dignity, love of nature, nobility.

MARIGOLD:       Affection, cruelty, grief, jealousy. The marigold was called Mary's Gold by early Christians who placed garlands of marigolds by statues of the Virgin Mary.

MARIGOLD, POT:       Grief, despair.

MIMOSA:       Sensitivity.

MINT:       Virtue.

MISTLETOE:       Kiss me, affection, to surmount difficulties, sacred plant of India.

MONKSHOOD:       Beware, a deadly foe is near, danger.

MORNING GLORY:       Loves you. Associated with the eleventh wedding anniversary.

MOSS:       Maternal love, charity.

MYRTLE:       Love, Hebrew emblem of marriage.

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NARCISSUS:       Egotism, conceit, self love, self admiration, formality, stay as sweet as you are. Also known as the birthflower for December.

NASTURTIUM:       Conquest, victory in battle. Associated with the fortieth wedding anniversary.

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OAK LEAVES:       Bravery.

OLEANDER:       Caution.

OLIVE BRANCH:       Peace.

ORANGE BLOSSUM:       Purity, innocence, eternal love, marriage and fruitfulness, fertility.

ORANGE, MOCK:       Deceit.

ORCHID:       Rare beauty, love, refinement, beautiful lady, Chinese symbol for many children, mature charm, beauty, long life. Associated with twenty-eighth wedding anniversary.

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PALM LEAVES:       Victory, success.

PANSIES:       Receipient is being thought about. The flower's name comes from the French word pensée which means thought or remembrance. Associated with the first wedding anniversary.

PAPERWHITE:       Aphrodisiac due to its intoxicating scent. It is also the national flower of Wales because it often blooms on March 1st which is St. David's feast day, Wales' patron saint.

PEONY:       Bashfulness, shame, happy life, happy marriage, good health, prosperity. Associated with the twelfth wedding anniversary.

PEPPERMINT:       Cordiality.

PERIWINKLE:       Friendship.

PETUNIA:       Resentment, anger, your presence soothes me.

PHLOX:       Unanimity.

POPPY:       Eternal sleep, oblivion, imagination. Associated with ninth wedding anniversary.

POPPY, RED:       Pleasure, consolation.

POPPY, WHITE:       Consolation, sleep, rest.

POPPY, YELLOW:       Wealth, success.

PRIMROSE:       I can't live without you.

PRIMROSE, EVENING:        Happy love.

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QUEEN ANNE'S LACE:       Haven.

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RANUNCULUS:       You are radiant with charm, radiant charm.

RHODODENDRON:       Danger, caution.

ROSE:       Love, passion, perfection. The rose was named for the Latin word rosa which means red. It has been a symbol of love since ancient times. Associated with the fifthteenth wedding anniversary. It is also known as the birthflower of June.

ROSE, BURGUNDY:       Beauty within.

ROSE, CORAL:       Desire.

ROSE, DARK CRIMSON:       Mourning.

ROSE, HIBISCUS:       Delicate beauty.

ROSE, LAVENDER:       Love at first sight, enchantment.

ROSE, LEAF:       You may hope.

ROSE, MOSS:       Confessions of love.

ROSE, ORANGE:       Fascination, display feeling of enthusiasm.

ROSE, PEACH:        Desire, gratitude, apprecation, admiration, sympathy, modesty.

ROSE, PINK:       Happiness, appreciation, admiration, friendship, sympathy.

ROSE, DARK PINK:       Thankfulness.

ROSE, LIGHT PINK:       Grace, gladness, joy, perfect happiness, please believe me, gratitude, admiration, gentility.

ROSE, RED:       Love, passion, respect, courage, I love you, beauty, pure and lovely, prosperity.

ROSE, DEEP RED:       Un-selfconscious beauty.

ROSE, SINGLE, FULL BLOOM:       I love you, I still love you, new love.

ROSE, BUD, SMALL:       Pure and lovely, beauty and youth, a heart innocent of love.

ROSE, THORNLESS:       Love at first sight.

ROSE, WHITE:       Innocence, purity, secrecy, I am worthy of you, silence, friendship, truth, virtue, girlhood, humility spiritual love, but of the soul, reverence, charm, happy love.

ROSE, WHITE, DRIED:       Death is preferable to loss of virtue.

ROSE, YELLOW:       Joy, friendship, true love, decrease of love, jealousy, try to care, freedom, slighted love, shows "I care", joy, gladness.

ROSES, BOUQUET, MATURE:       Gratitude.

ROSES, RED & WHITE TOGETHER:       Unity, flower emblem of England.

ROSES, YELLOW & RED TOGETHER:       Happiness, congratulations.

ROSES, YELLOW & ORANGE TOGETHER:       Passionate thoughts.

ROSEMARY:       Remembrance, purity, rebirth.

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SAGE:       Virtue.

SALAL:       Zest.

SCABIOUS:       Unfortunate love.

SMILAX:       Loveliness.

SNAPDRAGON:       Deception, gracious lady, presumption.

SPEARMINT:       Warm sentiment.

SPIDER FLOWER:       Elope with me.

STAR OF BETHLEHEM:       Purity.

STATICE:       Sympathy, remembrance, success.

STEPHANOTIS:       Happiness in marriage, desire to travel.

STOCK:       Lasting beauty, bonds of affection, promptness, you'll always be beautiful to me.

SUNFLOWER:       Follows the sun as it grows, adoration, haughtiness.

"I don't think there's anything on this planet that more trumpets life that the sunflower. For me that's because of the reason behind its name. Not because it looks like the sun but because it follows the sun. During the course of the day, the head tracks the journey of the sun across the sky. A satellite dish for sunshine. Wherever light is, no matter how weak, these flowers will find it. And that's such an admirable thing. And such a lesson in life." - Chris's (Helen Mirren) comment in the movie, "Calendar Girls."

SWEET PEA:       Lasting pleasure, good-bye, departure, blissful pleasure, thank you for a lovely time, I think of you. Supposedly this delicate flower was named by the poet John Keats. Associated with the thirtieth wedding anniversary. Also known as the birthflower of April.

SWEET WILLIAM:       Gallantry, smile, finesse.

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THYME:       Activity.

TUBEROSE:       Dangerous pleasure.

TULIP:       Perfect lover, frame, flower emblem of Holland.

TULIP, RED:       Believe me, declaration of love, fame.

TULIP, VARIEGATED:       Beautiful eyes.

TULIP, YELLOW:       Hopeless love, there's sunshine in your smile.

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VIOLET:       Modesty, faithfulness, innocence, understated beauty. Worn by the ancient Greeks to induce sleep and to calm tempers. Associated with the fifieth wedding anniversary. Also known as the birthflower of February.

VIOLET, BLUE:       Watchfulness, faithfulness, I'll always be true.

VIOLET, PURPLE:       Thoughts of you, blue love.

VIOLET, WHITE:       Let's take a chance, youthful innocence.

VIOLET, YELLOW:       Love of country.

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WATER LILY:       Purity of heart.

WEEPING WILLOW:       Mourning.

WHEAT:       Friendliness.

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YARROW:       Healing, sorrow.

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ZINNIA:       Thoughts of absent friends, in memory of an absent friend.

ZINNIA, SCARLET:       Constancy.

ZINNIA, WHITE:       Goodness.

ZINNIA, YELLOW:       Daily remembrance.

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1st - 50th Anniversaries

Some couples like to give traditional anniversary flowers on their wedding anniversary or use the traditional flower in the decorations of an anniversary celebration.

Here is a listing of the flowers often associated with the 1st through 50th wedding anniversaries.

1st Wedding Anniversary    -    Pansy

2nd Wedding Anniversary    -    Cosmos

3rd Wedding Anniversary   -    Fuchsia

4th Wedding Anniversary    -    Geranium

5th Wedding Anniversary    -    Daisy

6th Wedding Anniversary    -    Calla Lily

7th Wedding Anniversary    -    Jack-in-the-Pulpit

8th Wedding Anniversary    -    Clematis

9th Wedding Anniversary    -    Poppy

10th Wedding Anniversary    -    Daffodil

11th Wedding Anniversary    -    Morning Glory

12th Wedding Anniversary    -    Peony

13th Wedding Anniversary    -    Hollyhock

14th Wedding Anniversary    -    Dahlia

15th Wedding Anniversary    -    Rose

20th Wedding Anniversary    -    Day Lily

25th Wedding Anniversary    -    Iris

28th Wedding Anniversary    -    Orchid

30th Wedding Anniversary    -    Sweet Pea

40th Wedding Anniversary    -    Nasturtium

50th Wedding Anniversary    -    Violet

Do you want to leave it to the professionals to decide?  By special request, Mr Rademan suggests the appropriate bouquet and has it made up for you, his client or contact us to have your next exclusive evening gown or wedding dress designed.

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